The Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the National Estate published in 1974 is a symbolic highpoint of national engagement in cultural heritage and effectively paved the way for establishment of the Australian Heritage Commission and the Register of the National Estate. The events which lead up to this breakthrough are less well known. Heritage conservation entered the arena of public policy only gradually from the 1960s. At the national level, our main focus, it was championed by Tom Uren and Gough Whitlam whose vision for Australian cities and regions linked heritage to a broader Commonwealth mandate. Influential in their thinking was the American precedent of federal involvement in conservation. This paper explores the years leading up to and immediately following the 1972 Federal Election and formation of the Department of Urban and Regional Development – with its often overlooked role in heritage conservation – in 1973. In reflecting on the more recent neo-liberal dismantling of extensive national involvement in heritage conservation, we trace the rise and fall of the concept of the National Estate.
|Title of host publication||Urban transformations booms, busts and other catastrophes|
|Subtitle of host publication||proceedings of the 11th Australasian Urban History/Planning History Conference|
|Place of Publication||Perth|
|Publisher||University of Western Australia|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
|Event||Australasian Urban History/Planning History Conference (11th : 2012) - Perth|
Duration: 5 Feb 2012 → 8 Feb 2012
|Conference||Australasian Urban History/Planning History Conference (11th : 2012)|
|Period||5/02/12 → 8/02/12|
Veale, S., Freestone, R., & Ruming, K. (2012). Making heritage a national responsibility: the Commonwealth and the National Estate 1969-1974. In A. Gaynor (Ed.), Urban transformations booms, busts and other catastrophes: proceedings of the 11th Australasian Urban History/Planning History Conference (pp. 365-378). Perth: University of Western Australia.