Maladaptive social self-beliefs in alcohol-dependence

a specific bias towards excessive high standards

Pierre Maurage*, Philippe de Timary, Michelle L. Moulds, Quincy J J Wong, Marie Collignon, Pierre Philippot, Alexandre Heeren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Emotional and interpersonal impairments associated with alcohol-dependence have been recently explored, but the distorted cognitive representations underlying these deficits remain poorly understood. The present study aims at exploring the presence of maladaptive social self-beliefs among alcohol-dependent individuals, as these biased self-beliefs have been recently shown to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of other psychopathological states (social anxiety and depression). Methodology/Principal findings: Twenty-five recently detoxified alcohol-dependent participants and 25 matched controls filled in self-report questionnaires evaluating maladaptive social self-beliefs, interpersonal problems and several comorbid states (anxiety, social anxiety, depression). As compared to controls, alcohol-dependent individuals showed higher scores than controls for the three subcategories of maladaptive social self-beliefs (high standards, conditional beliefs and unconditional beliefs). Our key finding was that when comorbidities were controlled for, alcohol-dependence was associated with a specific bias towards exaggerated high standards in social contexts. Moreover, these high standards beliefs were strongly correlated with interpersonal problems. Conclusions/Significance: These results provide the first insights into the influence of cognitive biases on interpersonal problems in addictive states, and suggest that maladaptive self-beliefs could have a central influence on the development and maintenance of alcohol-dependence.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere58928
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2013

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2013. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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    Maurage, P., de Timary, P., Moulds, M. L., Wong, Q. J. J., Collignon, M., Philippot, P., & Heeren, A. (2013). Maladaptive social self-beliefs in alcohol-dependence: a specific bias towards excessive high standards. PLoS ONE, 8(3), 1-6. [e58928]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0058928