Malaysia's renewable energy policies and programs with green aspects

Saad Mekhilef, Meghdad Barimani, Azadeh Safari, Zainal Salam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)


Malaysia, as a developing country and a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), is looking into inexhaustible and repeatable alternative energy sources such as solar, wind, mini-hydro and biomass. The estimated GDP at 2010 is $15,385 per capita and the economic and industrial growth of the country implies that energy demand is growing very fast. In addition, the growing prices of fossil fuels, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, make inevitable renewable energy solutions for the country. Geographically, Malaysia is located in a region of tropical and humid climate which provides easy access to a variety of renewable energy sources. The government of Malaysia has initiated renewable energy policies to encourage industries and individuals to employ renewable-energy-powered systems in power applications. This paper first gives a brief overview of the current status of renewable energy in Malaysia. Then it provides the energy policies, specifically the renewable energy policies in Malaysia, in Section 2. The renewable energy programs are reviewed in Section 3. The building energy efficiency program with green aspect is provided in Section 4. Lastly, the conclusion and forecasts of this paper are given in Section 5.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-504
Number of pages8
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014


  • Energy policy
  • Green prospect;
  • Malaysia
  • Renewable energy
  • Green prospect


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