Managing a year's taxes: Tax demands and tax payments in 724 CE

Jennifer Cromwell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A hitherto overlooked papyrus in the British Library reveals how Egyptian villagers managed the payment of their annual poll-tax quota in early Islamic Egypt. This text forms part of the archive of a moneylender in 8thh century Thebes, Daniel son of Pachom, which shows him to be a wealthy member of the community who loaned money to others in need. Daniel's finances, activities, and family life are examined for the first time in light of this material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-239
Number of pages11
JournalArchiv für Papyrusforschung und verwandte Gebiete
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2014


  • Archive
  • Coptic
  • Islamic Egypt
  • Moneylending
  • Taxation


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