Maoist insurgency in India

grievances, security threats and counter-strategies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The adivasi insurgency, an offshoot of the colonial period, continued in independent India. Post-independence, government assurances to redress the forest and land rights remained mostly unimplemented. As an alternative, the adivasis joined the Communist Party of India (Marxist Leninist, CPIML). However, after neutralisation of the CPIML and failure to regain forest and land rights, the adivasis joined the Communist Party of India (Maoist). Witnessing the expanding threat from the Maoists, the government adopted a dual strategy. This involved first amending the Forest Act to woo the adivasis and second placing the Maoists on the terrorist list. However, not getting the expected results, the current Bharatiya Janata Party government adopted an integrated and holistic approach to rooting out the insurgency by further amending the Forest Act, offering attractive surrender-cum-rehabilitation incentives and launching an offensive against the Maoist leadership. Although the insurgency is contained, the operational fault lines still remain. This paper attempts to trace the antecedents of the adivasi grievances, the challenges posed to India’s internal security and counter-strategies adopted by different governments to contain the Maoist insurgency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-266
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • adivasi
  • Communist Party of India (Maoist)
  • internal security
  • Maoist insurgency
  • security threats

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