"Smart" polymers and polymer - protein conjugates find a vast array of biomedical applications. Ambient temperature reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerizations conducted in an aqueous environment are a favorable method of choice for the synthesis of these materials; however, information regarding the initiation mechanisms behind these polymerizations - and thus the critical polymer end groups - is lacking. In the current study, high-resolution soft ionization mass spectrometry techniques were used to map the product species generated during ambient temperature γ-radiation induced RAFT polymerizations of N-isopropylacrylamide NIPAAm and acrylic acid (AA) in aqueous media, allowing the generated end groups to be unambiguously established. It was found that trithiocarbonate and •R radicals produced from the radiolysis of the RAFT agent, •OH and •OOH radicals produced from the radiolysis of water, and •H radicals produced from the radiolysis of water, RAFT agent, or monomer were capable of initiating polymerizations and thus contribute toward the generated chain ends. Additionally, thiol terminated chains were formed via degradation of trithiocarbonate end groups. The current study is the first to provide comprehensive mapping of the formation pathways and end group patterns of stimuli-responsive polymers, thus allowing the design and implementation of these materials to proceed in a more tailored fashion.
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - 13 Aug 2007|