Fertility in Ghana has fallen sharply in recent years, with the rate of decline being one of the most rapid in Sub-Saharan Africa. Ghana's fertility decline has coincided with an increase in the percentage of women of reproductive age reporting exposure to family planning messages via the media, a rise in the education of women of reproductive age, and a decline in under five mortality. This paper presents a multilevel, multinomial analysis of the 1998 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey data to investigate the effects of exposure to family planning messages on the type of method of contraception a woman uses. A multilevel logistic model is used to investigate the effects on fertility. The results show exposure to family planning messages via the radio and printed sources substantially increase use of modern contraception. Secondary-level education, urban residence, a large number of surviving children, and being aged 20-34 are other factors associated with increased use of modern contraception. However, exposure to family planning messages appears not have significant effects on fertility.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||XXIV IUSSP General Conference : scientific programme|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
|Event||International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) General Conference (24th : 2001) - Salvador, Brazil|
Duration: 18 Aug 2001 → 24 Aug 2001