Massive, absorption-selected galaxies at intermediate redshifts

N. Kanekar, J. X. Prochaska, L. Christensen, N. H. P. Rhodin, M. Neeleman, M. A. Zwaan, P. Møller, M. Dessauges-Zavadsky, J. P. U. Fynbo, T. Zafar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nature of absorption-selected galaxies and their connection to the general galaxy population have been open issues for more than three decades, with little information available on their gas properties. Here we show, using detections of carbon monoxide emission with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, that five of seven high-metallicity, absorption-selected galaxies at intermediate redshifts, z ≈ 0.5-0.8, have large molecular gas masses, M Mol ≈ (0.6-8.2) 10 10 Mo and high molecular gas fractions (f Mol ≡ M Mol/(M ∗ + M Mol) ≈ 0.29-0.87). Their modest star formation rates (SFRs), ≈(0.3-9.5) Mo yr -1 , then imply long gas depletion timescales, ≈(3-120) Gyr. The high-metallicity absorption-selected galaxies at z ≈ 0.5-0.8 appear distinct from populations of star-forming galaxies at both z ≈ 1.3-2.5, during the peak of star formation activity in the Universe, and lower redshifts, z ≲ 0.05. Their relatively low SFRs, despite the large molecular gas reservoirs, may indicate a transition in the nature of star formation at intermediate redshifts, z ≈ 0.7.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL23
Number of pages6
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume856
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • ISM: molecules
  • quasars: absorption lines

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