Materials and aspect of technology for the First Dynasty boat found at Abu Rawash in 2012

Mostafa Abd El Maguid Mohamed, Yann Tristant, Basem Gehad, François Briois, Mohamed Abdelrahman, Nour Mohamed, Mohamed Rageb, Abdelrahman Medhat

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch

Abstract

Just after the excavation carried out by Ifao/Macquarie University during the summer 2012, the Early Dynastic boat found at Abu Rawash was transported to the Grand Egyptian Museum Conservation Centre, a place where it could receive the appropriate intensive care. In the special projects lab, an Egyptian-French team adopted the most modern techniques to study the ancient materials and technology used to manufacture the boat, as well as to retrieve its original shape and dimensions. The investigation of longitudinal, tangential and transverse sections of wood samples using Scanning Electron Microscope imaging allowed the identification of wood species (Acacia nilotica). Its state of degradation was assisted by means of Fourier Transform Infra-red and X-Ray Diffraction, where the crystallinity of the cellulose inside the wood was determined. Two types of plant remains were found inside the lashing holes, representing the remains of ropes or perhaps a mat. Using stereo microscope, the plant remains where identified to be papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) and esparto grass (Macrochloa tenacissima). Dating of the wood was performed using radiocarbon dating technology, at IFAO Radio Carbon dating lab, indicating that the boat probably dates back to the First dynasty, more precisely from the reign of king Den, as confirmed by the material found during the excavation of the cemetery. The importance of the boat comes first from its dating, as it is the most ancient boat preserved today in Egypt, and secondly from its technology. This poster reports some of the challenges and benefits of the ongoing research.

Conference

ConferenceInternational conference on predynastic and early dynastic studies (5th : 2014)
CityCairo
Period13/04/1418/04/14

Fingerprint

radiocarbon dating
excavation
cemetery
crystallinity
den
museum
Fourier transform
cellulose
X-ray diffraction
grass
electron
degradation
material
summer
dating
project

Cite this

Abd El Maguid Mohamed, M., Tristant, Y., Gehad, B., Briois, F., Abdelrahman, M., Mohamed, N., ... Medhat, A. (2014). Materials and aspect of technology for the First Dynasty boat found at Abu Rawash in 2012. 22. Abstract from International conference on predynastic and early dynastic studies (5th : 2014), Cairo, .
Abd El Maguid Mohamed, Mostafa ; Tristant, Yann ; Gehad, Basem ; Briois, François ; Abdelrahman, Mohamed ; Mohamed, Nour ; Rageb, Mohamed ; Medhat, Abdelrahman. / Materials and aspect of technology for the First Dynasty boat found at Abu Rawash in 2012. Abstract from International conference on predynastic and early dynastic studies (5th : 2014), Cairo, .1 p.
@conference{3bbac6c69ea14e27bd6fef24b4a0746c,
title = "Materials and aspect of technology for the First Dynasty boat found at Abu Rawash in 2012",
abstract = "Just after the excavation carried out by Ifao/Macquarie University during the summer 2012, the Early Dynastic boat found at Abu Rawash was transported to the Grand Egyptian Museum Conservation Centre, a place where it could receive the appropriate intensive care. In the special projects lab, an Egyptian-French team adopted the most modern techniques to study the ancient materials and technology used to manufacture the boat, as well as to retrieve its original shape and dimensions. The investigation of longitudinal, tangential and transverse sections of wood samples using Scanning Electron Microscope imaging allowed the identification of wood species (Acacia nilotica). Its state of degradation was assisted by means of Fourier Transform Infra-red and X-Ray Diffraction, where the crystallinity of the cellulose inside the wood was determined. Two types of plant remains were found inside the lashing holes, representing the remains of ropes or perhaps a mat. Using stereo microscope, the plant remains where identified to be papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) and esparto grass (Macrochloa tenacissima). Dating of the wood was performed using radiocarbon dating technology, at IFAO Radio Carbon dating lab, indicating that the boat probably dates back to the First dynasty, more precisely from the reign of king Den, as confirmed by the material found during the excavation of the cemetery. The importance of the boat comes first from its dating, as it is the most ancient boat preserved today in Egypt, and secondly from its technology. This poster reports some of the challenges and benefits of the ongoing research.",
author = "{Abd El Maguid Mohamed}, Mostafa and Yann Tristant and Basem Gehad and Fran{\cc}ois Briois and Mohamed Abdelrahman and Nour Mohamed and Mohamed Rageb and Abdelrahman Medhat",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
pages = "22",
note = "International conference on predynastic and early dynastic studies (5th : 2014) ; Conference date: 13-04-2014 Through 18-04-2014",

}

Abd El Maguid Mohamed, M, Tristant, Y, Gehad, B, Briois, F, Abdelrahman, M, Mohamed, N, Rageb, M & Medhat, A 2014, 'Materials and aspect of technology for the First Dynasty boat found at Abu Rawash in 2012' International conference on predynastic and early dynastic studies (5th : 2014), Cairo, 13/04/14 - 18/04/14, pp. 22.

Materials and aspect of technology for the First Dynasty boat found at Abu Rawash in 2012. / Abd El Maguid Mohamed, Mostafa; Tristant, Yann; Gehad, Basem; Briois, François; Abdelrahman, Mohamed; Mohamed, Nour; Rageb, Mohamed; Medhat, Abdelrahman.

2014. 22 Abstract from International conference on predynastic and early dynastic studies (5th : 2014), Cairo, .

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractResearch

TY - CONF

T1 - Materials and aspect of technology for the First Dynasty boat found at Abu Rawash in 2012

AU - Abd El Maguid Mohamed, Mostafa

AU - Tristant, Yann

AU - Gehad, Basem

AU - Briois, François

AU - Abdelrahman, Mohamed

AU - Mohamed, Nour

AU - Rageb, Mohamed

AU - Medhat, Abdelrahman

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Just after the excavation carried out by Ifao/Macquarie University during the summer 2012, the Early Dynastic boat found at Abu Rawash was transported to the Grand Egyptian Museum Conservation Centre, a place where it could receive the appropriate intensive care. In the special projects lab, an Egyptian-French team adopted the most modern techniques to study the ancient materials and technology used to manufacture the boat, as well as to retrieve its original shape and dimensions. The investigation of longitudinal, tangential and transverse sections of wood samples using Scanning Electron Microscope imaging allowed the identification of wood species (Acacia nilotica). Its state of degradation was assisted by means of Fourier Transform Infra-red and X-Ray Diffraction, where the crystallinity of the cellulose inside the wood was determined. Two types of plant remains were found inside the lashing holes, representing the remains of ropes or perhaps a mat. Using stereo microscope, the plant remains where identified to be papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) and esparto grass (Macrochloa tenacissima). Dating of the wood was performed using radiocarbon dating technology, at IFAO Radio Carbon dating lab, indicating that the boat probably dates back to the First dynasty, more precisely from the reign of king Den, as confirmed by the material found during the excavation of the cemetery. The importance of the boat comes first from its dating, as it is the most ancient boat preserved today in Egypt, and secondly from its technology. This poster reports some of the challenges and benefits of the ongoing research.

AB - Just after the excavation carried out by Ifao/Macquarie University during the summer 2012, the Early Dynastic boat found at Abu Rawash was transported to the Grand Egyptian Museum Conservation Centre, a place where it could receive the appropriate intensive care. In the special projects lab, an Egyptian-French team adopted the most modern techniques to study the ancient materials and technology used to manufacture the boat, as well as to retrieve its original shape and dimensions. The investigation of longitudinal, tangential and transverse sections of wood samples using Scanning Electron Microscope imaging allowed the identification of wood species (Acacia nilotica). Its state of degradation was assisted by means of Fourier Transform Infra-red and X-Ray Diffraction, where the crystallinity of the cellulose inside the wood was determined. Two types of plant remains were found inside the lashing holes, representing the remains of ropes or perhaps a mat. Using stereo microscope, the plant remains where identified to be papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) and esparto grass (Macrochloa tenacissima). Dating of the wood was performed using radiocarbon dating technology, at IFAO Radio Carbon dating lab, indicating that the boat probably dates back to the First dynasty, more precisely from the reign of king Den, as confirmed by the material found during the excavation of the cemetery. The importance of the boat comes first from its dating, as it is the most ancient boat preserved today in Egypt, and secondly from its technology. This poster reports some of the challenges and benefits of the ongoing research.

M3 - Abstract

SP - 22

ER -

Abd El Maguid Mohamed M, Tristant Y, Gehad B, Briois F, Abdelrahman M, Mohamed N et al. Materials and aspect of technology for the First Dynasty boat found at Abu Rawash in 2012. 2014. Abstract from International conference on predynastic and early dynastic studies (5th : 2014), Cairo, .