Measures of children's sex-typing in middle childhood II

John K. Antill*, Sandra Cotton, Graeme Russell, Jacqueline J. Goodnow

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper reports on a further set of measures of sex-typing suitable for use with 8-to 14-year-olds (see Antill, Russell, Goodnow, & Cotton, 1993). They involve stereotyping, egalitarianism, reactions to cross-sex behaviours, preferences for sex-typed occupations, and desire to be the same or the other sex. The measures fit conceptually into Huston's (1983) categories Concepts or beliefs (related to gender) and Preferences, attitudes and values (for self or others). The sample comprised first- and second-born children from 191 two-parent families (193 males, 189 females). The children in 161 families were assessed on a second occasion, on average 16 months after the first testing. The measures were shown to have suitable psychometric properties: moderate to high alpha coefficient values, sex differences in the expected direction where appropriate, and moderate consistency over time. Where changes in means occurred, they indicated greater flexibility in sex roles. Intercorrelations among the measures revealed some coherence within subgroups of measures, particularly within Huston's category Concepts or beliefs (related to gender). However, the results support a multidimensional view of sex-typing, and draw attention to the limitations of studies which use single measures of this variable.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)35-44
    Number of pages10
    JournalAustralian Journal of Psychology
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 1996


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