Measuring the effects of physical activity on individuals living with a dementia in residential accommodation

a systematic review of RCTs

L. Brett, V. Traynor, P. Stapley

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Background: Physical activity has many benefits for older people but there is limited good quality evidence evaluating the benefits for individuals with а dementia, in particular those living in residential accommodation (Forbes et аl 2013).

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate evidence about the effect of physical activity on health outcomes for individuals living with а dementia in residential accommodation.

Methods: The studies reviewed were retrieved from searching а range of academic databases and evaluated using Joanna Briggs lnstitute critical appraisal tools.

Findings: А total of 20 research studies were retrieved and critically reviewed. The quality of studies varied widely, including the methods, type of intervention and outcome measures used. Many studies were multi-component exercise programs, though the actual activities and parameters of each program varied greatly. Outcome measures most commonly considered were cognition (n=l 3), physical ability (n=8), functional ability (n=5), and/or mood (n=5). There were positive effects associated with the uptake of physical activity by individuals living with а dementia in residential accommodation, such аѕ improvement in physical ability (бm walking speed: 0.33 to 0.65 m/sec in two studies), functional ability (Barthel lndex: 34 to 42 in one study) and cognitive ability (Clock Drawing Test: 3.5 to 4. 1 in one study). Limitations of the studies included small sample size, short duration and lack of detail about the study design.
Further research is required to improve the quality of study design and provide evidence to support and enhance the current findings to enable professionals working in this area to implement successful physical activity programs. The results from this literature review are informing the physical activity intervention implemented and evaluated аѕ part of а PhD study undertaken by the first author for individuals with а dementia in residential accommodation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages22-23
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventNational Dementia Research and Knowledge Translation Forum (9th : 2015) - Sydney
Duration: 7 Sep 20158 Sep 2015

Conference

ConferenceNational Dementia Research and Knowledge Translation Forum (9th : 2015)
CitySydney
Period7/09/158/09/15

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    Brett, L., Traynor, V., & Stapley, P. (2014). Measuring the effects of physical activity on individuals living with a dementia in residential accommodation: a systematic review of RCTs. 22-23. Abstract from National Dementia Research and Knowledge Translation Forum (9th : 2015), Sydney, .