Mechanical properties of macro polypropylene fibre-reinforced concrete

Rajab Abousnina, Sachindra Premasiri, Vilive Anise, Weena Lokuge, Vanissorn Vimonsatit, Wahid Ferdous*, Omar AlAjarmeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
157 Downloads (Pure)


Adding fibers to concrete helps enhance its tensile strength and ductility. Synthetic fibres are preferable to steel ones which suffer from corrosion that reduces their functionality with time. More consideration is given to synthetic fibres as they can be sourced from waste plastics and their incorporation in concrete is considered a new recycling pathway. Thus, this work investigates the potential engineering benefits of a pioneering application using extruded macro polyfibres in concrete. Two different fiber dosages, 4 kg/m3 and 6 kg/m3, were used to investigate their influence based on several physical, mechanical and microstructural tests, including workability, compressive strength, modulus of elasticity, splitting-tensile strength, flexural test, CMOD, pull-out test and porosity. The test results revealed a slight decrease in the workability of the fibre-reinforced concrete, while all the mechanical and microstructural properties were enhanced significantly. It was observed that the compressive, splitting tensile and bonding strength of the concrete with 6 kg/m3 fibre dosage increased by 19.4%, 41.9% and 17.8% compared to the plain concrete specimens, respectively. Although there was no impact of the fibres on the modulus of rupture, they significantly increased the toughness, resulting in a progressive type of failure instead of the sudden and brittle type. Moreover, the macroporosity was reduced by the fibre addition, thus increasing the concrete compressive strength. Finally, simplified empirical formulas were developed to predict the mechanical properties of the concrete with fibre addition. The outcome of this study will help to increase the implementation of the recycled plastic waste in concrete mix design and promote a circular economy in the waste industry
Original languageEnglish
Article number4112
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2021. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • concrete
  • macro polypropylene fibre
  • mechanical properties
  • CMOD
  • porosity


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