Mechanochemical preparation of nanocrystalline metal halide phosphors

Jun Zhang, Nicolas Riesen, Lubina Thattamveedu Kasim, Kate Badek, Hans Riesen

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7 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, mechanochemistry has experienced a massive resurgence allowing for solvent-free preparation of many important materials with minimal energy requirements. This paper provides a review of the mechanochemical preparation of nanocrystalline metal halides for applications as inorganic phosphor materials. The review puts strong emphasis on our recent work on optical and X-ray storage phosphors such as the matlockite BaFCl:Sm3+. In addition, previously unpublished results are presented including the effect on the samarium oxidation state when using ball-milling, as well as results on other rare earth-doped matlockites. We outline how mechanochemical methods can be applied to synthesise, without the need for solvents and high temperatures, a wide range of halides ranging from the most important commercial X-ray storage phosphor BaFBr:Eu2+ to lead perovskites of the formula APbX3 with A = Cs+, CH3NH3+, etc., and X = F, Cl, Br, I or a mixture thereof. We also demonstrate that a wide variety of solid solutions of the general formula M1xM21−xFX1yX21−y (with M1 and M2 = Ba, Sr, Ca; X1, X2 = Cl, Br, I) that can be suitable hosts for luminescent activator ions, can be prepared by mechanochemical methods. Importantly, for prolonged grinding times with a high-energy ball-mill, crystallites on the nanoscale can be obtained as can be confirmed by Rietveld refinements of powder XRD patterns and electron microscopy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13643–13659
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Mechanochemical Preparation
  • Mechanochemical Method
  • Storage Phosphor
  • Mechanochemical Synthesis
  • Mechanochemical Approach


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