Media violence and other aggression risk factors in seven nations

Craig A. Anderson*, Kanae Suzuki, Edward L. Swing, Christopher L. Groves, Douglas A. Gentile, Sara Prot, Chun Pan Lam, Akira Sakamoto, Yukiko Horiuchi, Barbara Krahé, Margareta Jelic, Wei Liuqing, Roxana Toma, Wayne A. Warburton, Xue Min Zhang, Sachi Tajima, Feng Qing, Poesis Petrescu

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    33 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Cultural generality versus specificity of media violence effects on aggression was examined in seven countries (Australia, China, Croatia, Germany, Japan, Romania, the United States). Participants reported aggressive behaviors, media use habits, and several other known risk and protective factors for aggression. Across nations, exposure to violent screen media was positively associated with aggression. This effect was partially mediated by aggressive cognitions and empathy. The media violence effect on aggression remained significant even after statistically controlling a number of relevant risk and protective factors (e.g., abusive parenting, peer delinquency), and was similar in magnitude to effects of other risk factors. In support of the cumulative risk model, joint effects of different risk factors on aggressive behavior in each culture were larger than effects of any individual risk factor.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)986-998
    Number of pages13
    JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
    Volume43
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

    Keywords

    • mass media
    • aggression
    • culture/ethnicity

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