Medication adherence and its determinants among patients on concomitant tuberculosis and antiretroviral therapy in South West Ethiopia

Abebe Kebede, Nasir Tajure Wabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To benefit from therapy and to avoid contracting treatment resistant strains, the individuals must adhere to medications. Aim: The study was designed to assess the degree of drug adherence and its determinants in patients living with HIV/AIDS and TB comorbidity Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the degree of drug adherence and its determinants with the help of self-administered questionnaires in Tercha District Hospital in South Ethiopia. Result: A total of 24 patients were included in the study. The majority were females (54.2%) and the mean age was 32.4 (SD±9.6) years. Adherence level was 95.8% for Antiretroviral (ARV) medications and 79.2% for anti TB medications. Educational status was associated with anti TB (P=0.021) medication adherence. The reason for the missed doses were mostly lack of money for transport (23.7% for antiretroviral therapy (ART), 26.0% for TB treatment) and forgetting to take medications (18.4% for ART, 17.4% for TB treatment. Conclusion: The adherence level obtained for both ARV and anti-TB where high. Transportation costs for patients could be reduced by bringing the services close to where they live.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-71
Number of pages5
JournalNorth American Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Ethiopia
  • Health literacy
  • Medications adherence

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