Medicinal plants of New South Wales, Australia

Joanne Packer, Jitendra Gaikwad, David Harrington, Shoba Ranganathan, Joanne Jamie, Subramanyam Vemulpad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Australia is one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries (Williams et al. 2001). It is home to over 20,000 vascular and 14,000 nonvascular plants, ∼250,000 species of fungi, and over 3,000 lichens. Of all the vascular plant species and nine plant families, 85% are endemic to the continent (Orchard 1999). This biodiversity is due to the continent’s long isolation after the early Cretaceous breakup of the Gondwana supercontinent, and consequent speciation across its large latitudinal and climatic range (White and Frazier 1986; White 1994). The Australian flora is highly adapted to drought, low soil nutrients, and fire through various physiological characteristics, such as hard seededness, scleromorphy, ligonotuber development, and epicormic buds (Benson 1999).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGenetic Resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 6 : medicinal plants
EditorsRam J Singh
Place of PublicationBoca Raton ; London ; New York
PublisherCRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
Pages259-296
Number of pages38
Volume6
ISBN (Electronic)9781420073867
ISBN (Print)9781420073843
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameGenetic Resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement series
PublisherCRC Press

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  • Cite this

    Packer, J., Gaikwad, J., Harrington, D., Ranganathan, S., Jamie, J., & Vemulpad, S. (2012). Medicinal plants of New South Wales, Australia. In R. J. Singh (Ed.), Genetic Resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement: Volume 6 : medicinal plants (Vol. 6, pp. 259-296). (Genetic Resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement series). Boca Raton ; London ; New York: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.