Primary objectives: The aims of this pilot study were (1) to examine neuropsychological, particularly memory functions immediately after post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) resolution according to the Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT), and (2) to provide a preliminary exploration of pattern of performance on GOAT items across PTA duration. Methods and procedures: Thirty-seven head injured patients were administered the Recognition Memory Tests on the day that PTA resolved. Formal neuropsychological assessment was conducted on average 10 days after PTA resolution. Main outcomes and results: All the patients in the series showed memory impairment which varied in severity but was typically characterized as global and severe. Deficits in executive and speed and attention functions were common. GOAT items relating to orientation were typically passed, while items concerning anterograde and retrograde recall were most commonly failed across all stages of PTA duration. Conclusions: These findings suggest that reliance on memory performance as a measure of PTA is not ideal and highlight the need for further research of this issue.
- Post-traumatic amnesia
- Traumatic brain injury