Objectives: To establish the optimum oral daily dose of micronized medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), given in combination with 1.25 mg of estrone sulfate for menopausal symptom control. Methods: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind study was conducted on 568 postmenopausal women who were randomized to take estrone sulfate 1.25 mg daily with 2.5, 5.0 or 10 mg of MPA daily for 2 years. The number of vasomotor symptoms and the severity of mood swings, lethargy, vaginal dryness and loss of libido as well as side-effects were recorded in a diary. Blood pressure and weight were recorded at each 3-month visit. Results: Vasomotor symptoms were reported by approximately 80% of subjects at month 1, 23% at month 3 but only 9% by month 24. Mood swings, lethargy and vaginal dryness improved rapidly in the initial 3 months of therapy. Decrease in libido had a slower response to therapy in all three treatment groups. Breast tenderness was the commonest side-effect with 22% of subjects complaining of this in the first 3 months of therapy, dropping to 13% by 6 months. Headache, depression, nausea, bloating and irritability showed a similar pattern of decline. There was no significant difference in the rate of decrease in menopausal symptoms or reported side-effects between the three treatment groups. There was a small but significant (p < 0.001) decrease in systolic and diastolic blood pressure over the study period. Conclusions: All three treatment regimens provide adequate symptom control. Side-effects decreased markedly after the first 3 months, with no significant difference between the treatment groups.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1998|
- Estrone sulfate
- Medroxyprogesterone acetate