Meta‐analytic review of the efficacy of smoking cessation interventions

ANDREW J. BAILLIE*, RICHARD P. MATTICK, WAYNE HALL, PAM WEBSTER

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A meta‐analysis of randomized and controlled evaluations of the efficacy of smoking cessation interventions compared 146 estimates of the difference in abstinence rates between treated and control conditions (effect sizes) from 85 publications. Simple advice to quit and other brief intervention techniques, nicotine chewing gum and behavioural techniques were all found to be significantly better than relevant control conditions in promoting abstinence, although the results were not homogeneous. In five studies of acupuncture compared with control, consistent results were found showing no benefit for acupuncture. [Baillie AJ, Mattick RP, Hall W, Webster P. Meta‐analytic review of the efficacy of smoking cessation interventions. Drug Alcohol Rev 1994;13:153–166.] 1994 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-170
Number of pages14
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • meta‐analysis
  • smoking
  • tobacco
  • treatment

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