Methamphetamine-induced sensitization is associated with alterations to the proteome of the prefrontal cortex: implications for the maintenance of psychotic disorders

Travis A. Wearne, Mehdi Mirzaei, Jane L. Franklin, Ann K. Goodchild, Paul A. Haynes, Jennifer L. Cornish*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Repeat administration of psychostimulants, such as methamphetamine, produces a progressive increase in locomotor activity (behavioral sensitization) in rodents that is believed to represent the underlying neurochemical changes driving psychoses. Alterations to the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are suggested to mediate the etiology and maintenance of these behavioral changes. As such, the aim of the current study was to investigate changes to protein expression in the PFC in male rats sensitized to methamphetamine using quantitative label-free shotgun proteomics. A methamphetamine challenge resulted in a significant sensitized locomotor response in methamphetamine pretreated animals compared to saline controls. Proteomic analysis revealed 96 proteins that were differentially expressed in the PFC of methamphetamine treated rats, with 20% of these being previously implicated in the neurobiology of schizophrenia in the PFC. We identified multiple biological functions in the PFC that appear to be commonly altered across methamphetamine-induced sensitization and schizophrenia, and these include synaptic regulation, protein phosphatase signaling, mitochondrial function, and alterations to the inhibitory GABAergic network. These changes could inform how alterations to the PFC could underlie the cognitive and behavioral dysfunction commonly seen across psychoses and places such biological changes as potential mediators in the maintenance of psychosis vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-410
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • GABA
  • Proteomics
  • methamphetamine
  • mitochondrial function
  • nanoflow LC-MS/MS
  • prefrontal cortex
  • protein expression
  • psychosis
  • schizophrenia
  • synaptic proteins

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