A novel method is presented for determining the volume of molten material ejected from a substrate as a result of visible pulsed-laser ablation. A 100-μm-wide pulsed-laser light sheet (τ ∼ 5 ns, λ. = 532 nm) was used in conjunction with a CCD camera to provide high-speed cross-sectional images of single-pulse ablation of aluminum with a visible nanosecond laser source. Computational analysis of the two-dimensional gray-scale images was used to determine the total volume of material ejected from the substrate in the form of molten droplets. Ablation with dual-wavelength (511- and 578-nm) pulses of 30-ns duration was characterized under various fluence conditions (0-25 J cm-2), allowing a quantitative threshold for explosive melt ejection in aluminum to be established at ∼10 J cm-2. The temporal evolution of the ejected material showed that, for an incident fluence of ∼40 J cm-2, molten-droplet ejection commenced at ∼400 ns and ceased after ∼2 μs.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Dec 2004|