This review analyses methods and devices used worldwide to evaluate the arterial stiffness. Three main methodologies are based upon analysis of pulse transit time, of wave contour of the arterial pulse, and of direct measurement of arterial geometry and pressure, corresponding to regional, systemic and local determination of stiffness. They are used in clinical laboratory and/or in clinical departments. Particular attention is given to the reproducibility data in literature for each device. This article summarizes the discussion of the dedicated Task Force during the first Conference of Consensus on Arterial Stiffness held in June 2000 (Paris, France).
- Arterial stiffness