Methylation of translation-associated proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Identification of methylated lysines and their methyltransferases

Timothy A. Couttas, Mark J. Raftery, Matthew P. Padula, Ben R. Herbert, Marc R. Wilkins*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to identify sites of lysine methylation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the associated methyltransferases. Hexapeptide ligand affinity chromatography was used to normalize the abundance levels of proteins in whole cell lysate. MS/MS, in association with antibody-based detection, was then used to identify lysine methylated proteins and the precise sites of modification. Lysine methylation was found on the proteins elongation factor (EF) 1-α, 2, and 3A, as well as ribosomal proteins 40S S18-A/B, 60S L11-A/B, L18-A/B, and L42-A/B. Precise sites were mapped in all cases. Single-gene knockouts of known and putative methyltransferase(s), in association with MS/MS, showed that EF1-α is monomethylated by Efm1 at lysin 30 and dimethylated by See1 at lysine 316. Methyltransferase Rkm1 was found to monomethylate 40S ribosomal protein S18-A/B at lysine 48. Knockout analysis also revealed that putative methyltransferase YBR271W affects the methylation of proteins EF2 and 3A; this was detected by Western blotting and immunodetection. This methyltransferase shows strong interspecies conservation and a tryptophan-containing motif associated with its active site. We suggest that enzyme YBR271W is named EF methyltransferase 2 (Efm2), in line with the recent naming of YHL039W as Efm1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)960-972
Number of pages13
JournalProteomics
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

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