Mg and Fe-rich carbonate-silicate high-density fluids in cuboid diamonds from the Internationalnaya kimberlite pipe (Yakutia)

D. A. Zedgenizov*, A. L. Ragozin, V. S. Shatsky, D. Araujo, W. L. Griffin, H. Kagi

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    81 Citations (Scopus)


    Microinclusions in 44 cuboid diamonds from the Internationalnaya kimberlite pipe (Yakutia) show wide compositional variations. In comparison with the available worldwide database most microinclusions in diamonds from Internationalnaya define a continuous range of compositions from carbonatitic to hydrous-silicic high-density fluids (HDFs). The hydrous-silicic compositional range is reported here for the first time in Yakutian diamond-forming fluids. The hydrous-silicic end-members are rich in water, SiO2, Al2O3, K2O and P2O5. Carbonatitic end-members are rich in carbonate, CaO, MgO, Na2O and FeO. Microinclusions in diamonds from Internationalnaya show a range from magnesian to extremely iron-rich compositions. There are two compositional arrays of microinclusions: (i) carbonate-rich with SiO2 < 10 wt.% where FeO decreases without any correlation with sulfur, water, carbonate or chlorine and (ii) carbonatitic to hydrous-silicic where FeO generally decreases as SiO2 contents increase. The trace-element patterns of the microinclusions are generally similar to those of kimberlites and carbonatites, but there are significant differences in the major elements. The relative abundance of K in the microinclusions is significantly higher. The microinclusions have smooth patterns for the LILE, normalized to a primitive mantle composition. HFSE patterns in the microinclusions show some depletion in Ti, Zr and Hf relative to Ta, Nb and Mo. Primitive mantle normalized REE patterns reveal low abundances of the heavy REE and high concentrations of light REE. The La/Dy ratio of microinclusions varies widely, decreasing from carbonatitic to hydrous-silicic compositions. A general correlation of δ13C of diamonds with the relative abundance of carbonates in the microinclusions suggests that carbon isotope compositions are related to the evolution of the parental media. The carbonate-silicate range of high-density fluids observed in diamonds from Internationalnaya may be explained by fractional crystallization of mantle fluids/melts, or mixing between liquids with different compositions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)638-647
    Number of pages10
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

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