Micrometer-Scale Deep-Level Spectral Photoluminescence from Dislocations in Multicrystalline Silicon

Hieu T. Nguyen, Fiacre E. Rougieux, Fan Wang, Hoe Tan, Daniel Macdonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Micrometer-scale deep-level spectral photoluminescence (PL) from dislocations is investigated around the subgrain boundaries in multicrystalline silicon. The spatial distribution of the D lines is found to be asymmetrically distributed across the subgrain boundaries, indicating that defects and impurities are decorated almost entirely on one side of the subgrain boundaries. In addition, the D1 and D2 lines are demonstrated to have different origins due to their significantly varying behaviors after processing steps. D1 is found to be enhanced when the dislocations are cleaned of metal impurities, whereas D2 remains unchanged. Finally, the D4 and D3 lines are proposed to have different origins since their energy levels are shifted differently as a function of distance from the subgrain boundaries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7060679
Pages (from-to)799-804
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015


  • Crystalline silicon
  • deep level
  • dislocations
  • grain boundaries
  • photoluminescence (PL)
  • photovoltaic cells


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