MicroRNA miR-191 targets the zinc finger transcription factor Egr-1 and suppresses intimal thickening after carotid injury

Yue Li, Lucinda S. McRobb, Levon M. Khachigian*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background/objectives Early growth response-1 (Egr-1) is an immediate-early gene that is rapidly and transiently induced by stimuli such as injury, hypoxia and shear stress and is implicated in a range of vascular disorders. Once activated it regulates the expression of a range of genes, instigating a healing response involved in cellular dedifferentiation, proliferation and migration. Knowledge of the mechanisms underpinning the control of Egr-1 is incompletely understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding, single-stranded RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by mRNA degradation or translational inhibition. Methods The effects of a double-stranded mature mimic precursor of microRNA miR-191 were evaluated on Egr-1 and intimal thickening after balloon catheter injury to carotid arteries in rats. Results miR-191 (pre-191) inhibits intimal thickening compared with the precursor mimic miRNA negative control (pre-CTL) 14 days after carotid artery injury. Egr-1 expression was suppressed by miR-191 compared with the pre-CTL group. Moreover miR-191 reduced Ki67 proliferation marker expression. Conclusions miR-191 negatively regulates Egr-1 and controls neointima formation after vascular injury.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)299-302
    Number of pages4
    JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
    Volume212
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

    Keywords

    • Egr-1
    • vascular smooth muscle cells
    • intimal thickening

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