Migration and cutoff of meanders in the hyperarid environment of the middle Tarim River, northwestern China

Zhiwei Li, Guo-An Yu, Gary John Brierley, Zhaoyin Wang, Yanhong Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A meandering channel has developed in the middle Tarim River, the longest inland river flowing through a hyperarid environment in northwestern China. Although the drainage basin of the Tarim River extends over 1 million km2, flow in downstream reaches is largely restricted to summer months, and irrigation pressures have made the flood season increasingly short. The planform morphology, lateral migration rate, and cutoffs of 105 meanders were analysed using multiperiod remote sensing images and field survey analyses of channel bed and bank properties and of riparian vegetation cover. Results show that planform attributes of the meandering Tarim River are similar to those found in other environments. The ratio of the channel centreline length to the neck channel width of meanders ranges between 1.2 and 8.1, the bend curvature (ratio of bend radius to channel width) ranges between 0.30 and 2.8, and the average deflection angle of the bend apexes is 79.9°. Meander migration rates range from 1.4 to 96.7 m y− 1. From 2000 to 2013, 45 cutoffs occurred along the 400-km-long reach. As the riparian vegetation cover is sparse because of limited precipitation and because banks are comprised of dense roots, fine sand and silt materials, but lack clay, bank strength is limited and presents limited constraints upon bend movement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-124
Number of pages9
JournalGeomorphology
Volume276
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dryland river
  • Meandering channel
  • Lateral migration
  • Cutoff

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