Temporary labour migration from Sri Lanka to West Asia commenced in 1977 and has since become a dominant livelihood strategy for households and the largest source of export earnings for the economy. Dominant policy-level assumptions of a mutually-beneficial «triple win» between migrants and countries of origin and destination claim that temporary labour migration produces positive economic outcomes for all. Yet while labour-receiving economies clearly benefit from exploiting reserve armies of labour and care, the developmental implications of remittance capital for migrant households and sending economies have remained under-theorised. This paper advances a critique of remittance capital at household, national and global scales to demonstrate how temporary labour migration has left Sri Lanka a precariously uneven and remittance-dependent economy. Sri Lanka’s dilemma hinges on a central contradiction: uneven development has forced marginalised populations into foreign employment, only for their remittances to finance a model of development they themselves are excluded from.
|Number of pages||25|
|Journal||Migración y Desarrollo|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
- remittance capital
- remittance economy
- temporary labour migration
- Sri Lanka