Mine subsidence monitoring using multi-source satellite SAR images

Linlin Ge*, Hsing Chung Chang, Chris Rizos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)


Ground subsidence due to underground mining has posed a constant threat to the safety of surface infrastructure such as motorways, railways, power lines, and telecommunications cables. Traditional monitoring techniques like using levels, total stations and GPS can only measure on a point-by-point basis and hence are costly and time-consuming. Differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (DINSAR) together with GPS and GIS have been studied as a complementary alternative by exploiting multi-source satellite SAR images over a mining site southwest of Sydney. Digital elevation models (DEMs) derived from ERS-1 and ERS-2 tandem images, photogrammetry, airborne laser scanning, and the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission were assessed based on ground survey data using levelling as well as GPS-RTK. The identified high quality DEM was then used in the DINSAR analysis. Repeat-pass acquisitions by the ERS-1, ERS-2, JERS-1, RADARSAT-1 and ENVISAT satellites were used to monitor mine subsidence in the region with seven active mine collieries. Sub-centimeter accuracy has been demonstrated by comparing DINSAR results against ground survey profiles. The ERS tandem DINSAR results revealed mm-level resolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-266
Number of pages8
JournalPhotogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

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