Mixed-methods research in language teaching and learning: Opportunities, issues and challenges

A. Mehdi Riazi, Christopher N. Candlin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    92 Citations (Scopus)
    1056 Downloads (Pure)


    This state-of-the-art paper foregrounds mixed-methods research (MMR) in language teaching and learning by discussing and critically reviewing issues related to this newly developed research paradigm. The paper has six sections. The first provides a context for the discussion of MMR through an introductory review of quantitative and qualitative paradigms. In the second section we discuss the nature and scope of MMR, its underlying principles, and its techniques and procedures. In the third section we discuss trends in MMR in language teaching and learning, and review 40 published papers in 30 journals related to this field, covering one decade (2002-2011). Issues and challenges facing MMR and its researchers are discussed in the fourth section, while in the fifth we discuss the significance of replicating MMR studies in language teaching and learning. Finally, we conclude by presenting prospects and avenues for further developing mixed-methods research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)135-173
    Number of pages39
    JournalLanguage Teaching
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright 2014 Cambridge University Press. Article originally published in Language teaching, vol 47, iss 2, p. 135-173. The original article can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0261444813000505.


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