Modelling climate and the nature of climate models: A review

K. P. Shine*, A. Henderson‐Sellers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


A new structural framework for climate models is presented. Four basic model types are discussed: general circulation models, energy balance models, one dimensional radiative convective models and two dimensional zonally averaged dynamical models. The fundamental importance of three primary processes in the climate system‐radiation, dynamics and surface processes‐is underlined and the degree to which each of these mechanisms is incorporated in each model is highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-94
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Climatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes


  • Climate models
  • Energy balance models
  • General circulation models
  • Radiative convective models
  • Zonally averaged models


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