Purpose: Our study is aimed to give a better understanding of the price dynamics in regional electricity spot markets in Australia. We examine the dependence structure between electricity spot prices and apply the results in risk management. Originality: We focus in particular on the dependence between regional prices and conduct a pioneer study on the use of copulas for capturing this dependence structure. Our study yields important insights with respect to joint price movements, extreme price outcomes and the impact of interconnection within the Australian electricity market. Design/Methodology/Approach: Our analysis is based on a GARCH approach to model time-varying volatilities of the marginal price series in the considered regions in combination with copulas to capture the dependence structure between the different markets. The performance of copula models is tested in risk management application where we estimate the Value-at-Risk for a stylized portfolios of holding electricity spot contracts in different markets. Findings: We find a positive dependence structure between prices from all of the considered markets with the strongest dependence is exhibited between markets that are well connected via interconnector transmission. The Student-t copula outperforms all other one-parametric copulas whereas the overall best results are obtained using mixture models due to their ability of also capturing asymmetric dependence in the tails of the distribution. Regarding Value-at-Risk applications, we find that due to the spiky and extreme volatile behaviour of electricity spot prices in the considered markets, none of the considered models could provide an appropriate specification of the risk. Still, overall the mixture copula model in combination with Student-t marginals performs best, while the Student-t copula yields results that are only slightly worse. Both models outperform the Gaussian copula model.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Expo 2011 Higher Degree Research : book of abstracts|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|Event||Higher Degree Research Expo (7th : 2011) - Sydney|
Duration: 10 Oct 2011 → 11 Oct 2011
- electricity markets
- dependence modelling