Modelling susceptibility of coral reefs to environmental stress using remote sensing data and GIS models

Joseph Maina*, Valentijn Venus, Timothy R. McClanahan, Mebrahtu Ateweberhan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a need to develop methods and a decision support system to establish marine protected areas that harbour coral reefs that are resilient to climate change. This requires understanding patterns of coral's susceptibility to thermal stress and how coral communities will change with the environmental variables associated with climate change. This study combined surface currents, wind velocity, sea surface temperature (SST), UV radiation, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), and chlorophyll-a concentration for the western Indian Ocean and known relationships with coral bleaching and mortality to derive predictor variables that correlate with thermal stress. SST variability, UV, maximum temperature and wind speed had the highest influence on susceptibility estimates. Two susceptibility models were developed using Spatial Principal Component Analysis (SPCA) and cosine amplitude-AHP methods and a fuzzy logic technique for integrating environmental variables into a measure of susceptibility. Susceptibility models identified regional gradients in environmental stress, with the north-western Indian Ocean and some central Indian Ocean Islands as high and the southern African coastline and islands east of Madagascar as low vulnerability regions. Half of the strictly no take zones in the region are situated in locations with medium to high susceptibility. Future studies using high-resolution data can better estimate the vulnerability of specific locations and the establishment of marine protected areas where coral reef diversity is more likely to persist through climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-199
Number of pages20
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume212
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Ecological resilience
  • Marine protected area design
  • Oceanography
  • Priority setting
  • Regional ecology

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