Modelling virtual oscillator-controlled microgrids

Zhan Shi*, Jiacheng Li, Leonardo Callegaro, Hendra I. Nurdin, John E. Fletcher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Virtual oscillator control (VOC) is an emerging non-linear technique to control the terminal voltage of inverters in ac micro-grids. This study compares two small-signal models of VOC, obtained from average VOC dynamics over one ac cycle. The first model from previous literature is based on the approximation of real and reactive power in the average dynamics by the corresponding instantaneous values of power. The second model proposed in this study, in contrast to the first, approximates the average power by filtered power from a second-order low-pass filter. The two models are evaluated by eigenvalue and participation analyses. Simulations and experimental results are used to verify the models, by observing transient responses of a three-phase inverter subject to a step change in the load. The proposed linearised model can tracks transients of the output voltage and current more accurately than the existing technique both in the simulations and experimental tests. The proposed linearised VOC model enables a more precise small-signal stability and transient analysis of the average VOC dynamics. In conclusion, this improvement benefits stability studies when system parameters are changed or load disturbances are added to virtual oscillator-controlled inverter-based micro-grids.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2173-2181
Number of pages9
JournalIET Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


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