A modified fluorescein diacetate (FDA) assay has been compared with standard NCCLS broth macrodilution and broth microdilution methods for the detection of antifungal activity. The FDA assay was performed in a medium containing bacteriological peptone, NaCl, yeast extract and glucose (0.2%, 0.1%, 0.1% and 1% w/v, respectively) and buffered with 10 mM BES buffer. The MICs of amphotericin B, fluconazole, miconazole and flucytosine (representing three major classes of antifungal agents) obtained by the three methods were compared. The results obtained with the FDA assays correlated well with the NCCLS macrodilution method for MICs of amphotericin B, miconazole and fluconazole, but not for flucytosine. However, the MIC values of flucytosine obtained with the FDA assay were well within the quality control range for the two reference strains recommended by the NCCLS. The FDA assay described is an attractive alternative to the NCCLS methods for screening for antifungal agents, with the added advantage of objectivity of fluorescence measurement.