Phospholipids from Escherichia coli K12 were converted to 1,2-diacylglycerols with phospholipase C from Bacillus cereus. High-pressure liquid chromatography of 1,2-diacylglycerol p-methoxybenzoates on LiChrosorb RP-18 using 2-propanol/acetonitrile (35:65) as eluant permitted separation of 14 molecular species. The main combinations of fatty acids were 1-16:0-2-16:1, 1-16:0-2-cyclo-17:0 and 1-16:0-2-18:1. Positional isomers were not present. The l,2-di-16:0 compound was present at a significant level (7-10 mol%). Proportions of molecular species varied between phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and cardiolipin. Phospholipid from the outer membrane of E. coli K12 contained a lower level of molecules with two unsaturated chains than was present in the cytoplasmic membrane. The method is sensitive, has good resolving power and employs readily available equipment.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism|
|Publication status||Published - 12 Mar 1982|
- (E. coli)
- phospholipid analysis