Molecular investigation of Hepatocystis parasites in the Australian flying fox Pteropus poliocephalus across its distribution range

Juliane Schaer*, Wayne S. J. Boardman, Adam McKeown, David Westcott, Kai Matuschewski, Michelle Power

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Phylogenetic inference of Hepatocystis, a haemosporidian parasite of diverse primate and bat hosts, revealed that the parasites from Australasian Pteropus bat species form a distinct clade to all other Hepatocystis parasites from Africa and Asia. Here, we investigate the phylogenetic placement of Hepatocystis in the Australian bat Pteropus poliocephalus for the first time and examine parasite morphology and prevalence from selected points across its range. Hepatocystis infections were detected in low prevalences in P. poliocephalus in contrast to high numbers in P. alecto and P. scapulatus. The prevalence in P. poliocephalus varied across its distribution range with 15% in the central biogeographic areas (central Queensland and New South Wales) and 1% in the southern-most edge (South Australia) of its range. Sequencing of five genes revealed high genetic similarity in Hepatocystis of P. poliocephalus independent of sampling location. Phylogenetic analysis placed these parasites with Hepatocystis from other Pteropus species from Australia and Asia. While numerous haplotypes were identified among sequences from the Pteropus hosts, no patterns of host specificity were recovered within the Pteropus-specific parasite group.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number103978
    Pages (from-to)1-5
    Number of pages5
    JournalInfection, Genetics and Evolution
    Volume75
    Early online date25 Jul 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

    Keywords

    • haemosporida
    • chiroptera
    • Hepatocystis
    • Pteropus
    • Australia

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