Monitoring mangrove forest changes in Cat Ba biosphere reserve using ALOS PALSAR imagery and a Gis-based support vector machine algorithm

Tien Dat Pham*, Kunihiko Yoshino, Naoko Kaida

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review


Cat Ba is one of the most well-known islands located in North Vietnam, which has been recognized as a biosphere reserve by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) since 2004. Despite the large potential carbon stocks in mangrove forests of Cat Ba, the mangrove ecosystem of this island has suffered severe deforestation and forest degradation due to the conversion to shrimp aquaculture. Monitoring mangrove forest changes plays an important role for effective mangrove conservation and management. The objectives of this study were to map the spatial distribution of mangrove forest and to assess their changes between 2010 and 2015 in Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve, Hai Phong city of Vietnam using ALOS PALSAR data and a GIS-based support vector machine algorithm. For this purpose, ALOS PALSAR imagery for the above period and GIS data were collected. Then, spatial distributions of mangroves were derived using the support vector machine classifier. The results showed that the ALOS-2 PALSAR for 2015 achieves the overall accuracy of 85% and the kappa coefficient of 0.81, compared with those of 81% and 0.77, respectively from the ALOS PALSAR for 2010. The mangrove forest areas in the Cat Ba Biosphere Reserve, Vietnam decreased by 15% from 2010 to 2015. This research shows the potential use of ALOS PALSAR data combined with machine learning techniques in monitoring mangrove forest changes in tropical and semi-tropical climates.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances and applications in geospatial technology and earth resources
Subtitle of host publicationproceedings of the International Conference on Geo-Spatial Technologies and Earth Resources 2017
EditorsDieu Tien Bui, Anh Ngoc Do, Hoang-Bac Bui, Nhat-Duc Hoang
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9783319682402
ISBN (Print)9783319682396
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Geo-spatial Technologies and Earth Resources - Hanoi, Viet Nam
Duration: 5 Oct 20176 Oct 2017


ConferenceInternational Conference on Geo-spatial Technologies and Earth Resources
Abbreviated titleGTER-2017
CountryViet Nam


  • Cat Ba biosphere reserve
  • Hai Phong city
  • Mangrove changes
  • Support vector machines


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