Morphemes in their place: Evidence for position-specific identification of suffixes

Davide Crepaldi*, Kathleen Rastle, Colin J. Davis

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    37 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Previous research strongly suggests that morphologically complex words are recognized in terms of their constituent morphemes. A question thus arises as to how the recognition system codes for morpheme position within words, given that it needs to distinguish morphological anagrams like overhang and hangover. The present study focused specifically on whether the recognition of suffixes occurs in a position-specific fashion. Experiments 1 and 2 revealed that morphologically complex nonwords (gasful) are rejected more slowly than orthographic controls (gasfil) but that the same interference effect is not present when the morphemic constituents are reversed (fulgas vs. filgas). Experiment 3 went further in demonstrating that reversing the morphemes within words (e.g., nesskind) does not yield morpheme interference effects against orthographic controls (e.g., nusskind). These results strongly suggest that suffix identification is position specific, which imposes important constraints on the further development of models of morphological processing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)312-321
    Number of pages10
    JournalMemory and Cognition
    Volume38
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

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