MREIT conductivity imaging of canine head using multi-echo pulse sequence

Y. Q. Han, Z. J. Meng, W. C. Jeong, Y. T. Kim, A. S. Minhas, H. J. Kim, H. S. Nam, O. Kwon, E. J. Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalConference paperpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In magnetic resonance electrical impedance tomography (MREIT), we measure induced magnetic flux densities subject to multiple injection currents to reconstruct cross-sectional conductivity images. Spin echo pulse sequence has been widely used in MREIT and produce postmortem and in vivo conductivity images of animal and human subjects. The image quality depends on the SNR of the measured magnetic flux density image. In order to reduce the scan time and current amplitude while keeping the image quality, we have developed a multi-echo pulse sequence for MREIT. In this study, we show results of canine head MREIT imaging experiments using the multi-echo pulse sequence. Compared to the injection current nonlinear encoding (ICNE) pulse sequence, it provides a higher SNR of MR magnitude images by combining multiple echo signals. Noise in measured magnetic flux density data is significantly reduced due to an increased current injection time over multiple echo signals. These allow us to significantly decrease the total scan time. Reconstructed conductivity images of a canine head show enhanced conductivity contrast between gray and white matter using the multi-echo pulse sequence. In our future work, we will focus on in vivo human and disease model animal experiments using the new MREIT pulse sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012078
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Conference on Electrical Bioimpedance (14th :2010) - University of Florida, United States
Duration: 4 Apr 20108 Apr 2010


  • conductivity image
  • multi-echo pulse sequence


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