Multi-stage crust-mantle interaction in SE China

temporal, thermal and compositional constraints from the Mesozoic felsic volcanic rocks in eastern Guangdong-Fujian provinces

Feng Guo*, Weiming Fan, Chaowen Li, Liang Zhao, Hongxia Li, Jinhui Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Mesozoic geology of southeastern (SE) China was characterized by emplacement of voluminous felsic magmas. We present zircon U-Pb-Hf isotopic compositions and whole-rock major and trace elemental compositions of a series of felsic volcanic rocks from the eastern Guangdong and Fujian provinces. The volcanic rocks have been divided into three formations (the Douling, Nanyuan and Shimaoshan Fms.). Zircon U-Pb dating defines three eruption cycles: 168-145Ma for the Douling Fm., 143-130Ma for the Nanyuan Fm., and 104-95Ma for the Shimaoshan Fm. In situ Hf isotope analyses on dated zircon yield an εHf(t) range of -13.8 to +6.9 and a TDM(Hf) range from 1400 to 486 Ma with a peak at ca. 930 Ma. The majority of the Mesozoic felsic lavas have more radiogenic Hf than that of metamorphic basement rocks and related igneous rocks, requiring the involvement of a juvenile component in their origin. The Mesozoic felsic magmas are predominantly dacites and rhyolites - with only minor basalt and andesite - and show relatively homogeneous Hf isotopic compositions of zircon in single sample. Combined these data indicated that neither differentiation of a mantle-derived magma, nor mixing of magmas from different sources, was a dominant petrogenetic process. Both the εHf(t) of zircon and the magma temperature increase from the Douling and Nanyuan Fms. to the Shimaoshan Fm. All these facts imply an increasing contribution of contemporaneous underplated hot and dry mantle-derived magmas, as both a heat source inducing crustal melting and as a source of material (melt) that variably mixed with the local crustal melts. The felsic crustal melt component was generated at amphibolite-facies conditions with a residual assemblage of plagioclase +/-hornblende +/- garnet +/-zircon. Our results suggest a progressive role of crust-mantle interaction in generating the episodic felsic volcanic eruption during the Mesozoic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-84
Number of pages23
JournalLithos
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crust-mantle interaction
  • Felsic volcanic lavas
  • Geochemistry
  • Mesozoic
  • SE China
  • Zircon U-Pb-Hf isotopes

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