Multi-technique investigation of the binary fraction of A-F type candidate hybrid variable stars discovered by Kepler

P. Lampens, Y. Frémat, L. Vermeylen, Á. Sódor, M. Skarka, P. De Cat, Zs Bognár, R. De Nutte, L. Dumortier, A. Escorza, G. M. Oomen, G. Van De Steene, D. Kamath, M. Laverick, A. Samadi, S. Triana, H. Lehmann

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Abstract

Context. Hundreds of candidate hybrid pulsators of intermediate type A-F were revealed by recent space missions. Hybrid pulsators allow us to study the full stellar interiors, where both low-order p- and high-order g-modes are simultaneously excited. The true hybrid stars must be identified since other processes, related to stellar multiplicity or rotation, might explain the presence of (some) low frequencies observed in their periodograms.

Aims. We measured the radial velocities of 50 candidate δ Scuti -γ Doradus hybrid stars from the Kepler mission with the Hermes and ace spectrographs over a time span of months to years. We aim to derive the fraction of binary and multiple systems and to provide an independent and homogeneous determination of the atmospheric properties and v sin i for all targets. The long(er)-term objective is to identify the (probable) physical cause of the low frequencies.

Methods. We computed one-dimensional cross-correlation functions (CCFs) in order to find the best set of parameters in terms of the number of components, spectral type(s), and v sin i for each target. Radial velocities were measured using spectrum synthesis and a two-dimensional cross-correlation technique in the case of double- and triple-lined systems. Fundamental parameters were determined by fitting (composite) synthetic spectra to the normalised median spectra corrected for the appropriate Doppler shifts. 

Results. We report on the analysis of 478 high-resolution Hermes and 41 ace spectra of A/F-type candidate hybrid pulsators from the Kepler field. We determined their radial velocities, projected rotational velocities, and atmospheric properties and classified our targets based on the shape of the CCFs and the temporal behaviour of the radial velocities. We derived orbital solutions for seven new systems. Three preliminary long-period orbital solutions are confirmed by a photometric time-delay analysis. Finally, we determined a global multiplicity fraction of 27% in our sample of candidate hybrid stars.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA17
Number of pages33
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume610
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Reproduced with permission from Astronomy & Astrophysics, Copyright 2018 ESO. First published in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 610, A17, 2018, published by EDP Sciences. The original publication is available at https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201730694. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • binaries: spectroscopic
  • stars: oscillations
  • stars: rotation
  • stars: variables: δScuti
  • techniques: photometric
  • techniques: spectroscopic

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