Multidimensional healthy life expectancy of the older population in China

Guogui Huang, Fei Guo, Gong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Research on healthy life expectancy (HLE) that considers cognitive impairment has been inadequate, particularly in the context of less developed countries. Using data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, our study fills this research gap by computing active life expectancy (ALE), cognitive-impairment-free life expectancy (CIFLE), and active and cognitive-impairment-free life expectancy (ACIFLE) for China’s older population, using multistate life tables. Results show that at age 60, the three life expectancies were 19.4 years (ALE), 9.5 years (CIFLE), and 8.8 years (ACIFLE) during the period 2011–13. HLE exhibits significant differentials by sex, urban/rural residence, educational level, marital status, and health status at age 60. Among China’s older people, males and those living in urban areas experience higher CIFLE, and those who live with a spouse, are more educated, and are healthy at age 60 expect more years in good health according to all three HLE measures. Supplementary material for this article is available at:

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-442
Number of pages22
JournalPopulation Studies
Issue number3
Early online date27 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • cognitive-impairment-free life expectancy
  • healthy life expectancy
  • longitudinal studies
  • multistate life table method
  • population ageing


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