Multidisciplinary management of Opitz G BBB syndrome

S. Y. Parashar*, P. J. Anderson, T. C. Cox, N. McLean, D. J. David

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Opitz G BBB syndrome is a rare condition characterized by the 3 major anomalies of hypertelorism, cleft lip and palate, and hypospadias, although there may be other associated anomalies. The underlying genetic causes are complex and consist of both X-linked recessive and autosomal dominant forms of the disorder. Previously, there have been publications on the underlying genetics and case reports, but there have been few reports regarding the long-term outcome. The aim in this study was to review the range of clinical presentation and evaluate outcomes of the multidisciplinary management of a cohort of patients with Opitz G BBB syndrome. In a 25-year period, 7 patients with Opitz G BBB syndrome were managed by the Australian Craniofacial Unit (ACFU), 5 male and 2 female. Most of the patients are now reaching skeletal maturity. Each one presented with a range of severity in the triad of hypertelorism, cleft lip and palate, and hypospadias anomalies. The males all exhibited the triad of anomalies, while the females both had hypertelorism, only 1 had isolated cleft palate, and neither had any genitourinary anomalies. Each patient underwent multidisciplinary assessment to make a treatment plan for staged management of different anomalies. Plan for surgical corrections of facial anomalies were performed according to the unit's protocol management of both hypertelorism and cleft lip and palate, but the presence of these coexisting anomalies required adjustment of the standard protocol of management of cleft lip and palate. In conclusion, we recommend that patients with Opitz G BBB syndrome require careful evaluation, and management of the anomalies should be in a coordinated manner by a multidisciplinary team.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-407
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Hypertelorism
  • Hypospadias
  • Oculogenitolaryngeal
  • Opitz syndrome

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