Multidrug-resistant transport proteins in yeast: Complete inventory and phylogenetic characterization of yeast open reading frames within the major facilitator superfamily

André Goffeau*, Jay Park, Ian T. Paulsen, Jean Luc Jonniaux, Thien Dinh, Philippe Mordant, Milton H. Saier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Screening of the complete genome sequence from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae reveals that 28 open reading frames (ORFs) are homologous to each other and to established bacterial members of the drug-resistant subfamily of the major facilitator superfamily. The phylogenesis of these protein sequences shows that they fall into three major clusters. Cluster I contains 12 ORFs, cluster II contains ten ORFs and cluster III contains six ORFs. Hydropathy analyses indicate that in clusters II and III ORFs, 14 transmembrane spans are predicted whereas only 12 transmembrane spans are predicted in duster I ORFs. Three ORFs that have known functions as multidrug-resistance pumps in other yeast species such as Schizosaccharomyces pombe (CAR1), Candida albicans (BMRP) or C. maltosa (CYHR), also fall into cluster I. Two S. cerevisiae ORFs of known multidrug-resistance function (ATR1, SGE1) fall into cluster II. Cluster III consists exclusively of ORFs of unknown function but binary sequence comparisons show homology to ORFs from cluster II. Analysis of the multiple alignment for these proteins leads to the identification of characteristic signature sequences for each of the three clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-54
Number of pages12
JournalYeast
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drug resistance
  • MFS
  • Transport
  • Yeast

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