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Quantitative information on the magnitudes and directions of multiple contacting forces is crucial for a wide range of applications including human-robot interaction, prosthetics, and bionic hands. Herein we report a highly stretchable sensor integrating capacitive and piezoresistive mechanisms that can simultaneously determine multiple forces. The sensor consists of three layers in a sandwich design. The two facesheets serve as both piezoresistive sensors and electrodes for the capacitive sensor, with the core being a porous structure made by using a simple sugar particle template technique to give them high stretchability. The two facesheets contain segregated conductive networks of silver nanowires (AgNWs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs). By measuring the changes in the electrical resistance of the facesheets and the capacitance between the facesheets, three separate mechanical stimuli can be determined, including normal pressure, in-plane stretch, and transverse shear force. The newly developed multidirectional sensor offers a significant opportunity for the next generation of wearable sensors for human health monitoring and bionic skin for robots.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces|
|Publication status||Published - 13 May 2020|
- porous PDMS
- sandwiched structures
- sugar templating
- capacitive sensors
- piezoresistive sensors
- directional sensors
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- 2 Finished
Novel multiscale fibre composites for cryogenic space technologies
Wang, C. H., Wu, S., Kinloch, A. J. & Rose, F.
26/04/19 → 25/04/22
ARC_DECRA: Stretchable Strain Sensors Based on 3D-structured Nano-Carbon
1/05/17 → 30/10/20