Multimodality and software

Theo Van Leeuwen, Emilia Djonov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary/reference book


In its broadest sense, the term “software“ contrasts to “hardware“ and applies to any computer features that cannot be physically manipulated. This includes features invisible to the average computer user such as algorithms, text files written by programmers in source code, and their translations into computer-executable, binary, code.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe encyclopedia of applied linguistics
EditorsCarol A. Chapelle
Place of PublicationChichester, West Sussex, UK
PublisherWiley-Blackwell, Wiley
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781405198431
ISBN (Print)9781405194730
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • multimodality
  • social semiotics
  • software


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