Multiple disadvantages among older citizens

what a multidimensional measure of poverty can show

Emily J. Callander, Deborah J. Schofield, Rupendra N. Shrestha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Using the newly created Freedom Poverty Measure, a multidimensional measure of poverty, it can be seen that there were 534,700 individuals who were in freedom poverty, who had either poor health or poor education in addition to having low incomes. This multidimensional disadvantage would not normally be captured by single measures of poverty, such as income poverty measures. Men were significantly less likely to be in freedom poverty than women (OR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.54-0.74, p <.0001), and the proportion of individuals in freedom poverty increased with age, with those older than 85 being 2.3 times more likely to be in freedom poverty than those aged 65 to 69 years (95% CI: 1.73-3.11, p <.0001). Policy responses to address the marginalization of disadvantaged older people should take a multidisciplinary approach, addressing health inequalities in particular, not just low income.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-383
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Aging and Social Policy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • capabilities
  • education
  • health
  • income
  • poverty

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