Multivessel coronary function testing increases diagnostic yield in patients with angina and nonobstructive coronary arteries

Rajan Rehan, Christopher C. Y. Wong, James Weaver, William Chan, Jennifer A. Tremmel, William F. Fearon, Martin K. C. Ng, Andy S. C. Yong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Invasive CFT is the gold standard for diagnosing coronary vasomotor dysfunction in patients with ANOCA. Most institutions recommend only testing the left coronary circulation. Therefore, it is unknown whether testing multiple coronary territories would increase diagnostic yield. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic yield of multivessel, compared with single-vessel, invasive coronary function testing (CFT) in patients with angina and nonobstructive coronary arteries (ANOCA). Methods: Multivessel CFT was systematically performed in patients with suspected ANOCA. Vasoreactivity testing was performed using acetylcholine provocation in the left (20 to 200 μg) and right (20 to 80μg) coronary arteries. A pressure-temperature sensor guidewire was used for coronary physiology assessment in all three epicardial vessels. Results: This multicenter study included a total of 228 vessels from 80 patients (57.8 ± 11.8 years of age, 60% women). Compared with single-vessel CFT, multivessel testing resulted in more patients diagnosed with coronary vasomotor dysfunction (86.3% vs 68.8%; P = 0.0005), coronary artery spasm (60.0% vs 47.5%; P = 0.004), and CMD (62.5% vs 36.3%; P < 0.001). Coronary artery spasm (n = 48) predominated in the left coronary system (n = 38), though isolated right coronary spasm was noted in 20.8% (n = 10). Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD), defined by abnormal index of microcirculatory resistance and/or coronary flow reserve, was present 62.5% of the cohort (n = 50). Among the cohort with CMD, 27 patients (33.8%) had 1-vessel CMD, 15 patients (18.8%) had 2-vessel CMD, and 8 patients (10%) had 3-vessel CMD. CMD was observed at a similar rate in the territories supplied by all 3 major coronary vessels (left anterior descending coronary artery = 36.3%, left circumflex coronary artery = 33.8%, right coronary artery = 31.3%; P = 0.486). Conclusions: Multivessel CFT resulted in an increased diagnostic yield in patients with ANOCA compared with single-vessel testing. The results of this study suggest that multivessel CFT has a role in the management of patients with ANOCA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1102
Number of pages12
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2024. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • coronary artery spasm
  • coronary microvascular dysfunction
  • coronary vasomotor dysfunction
  • multivessel coronary function testing


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