Musicians' edge: A comparison of auditory processing, cognitive abilities and statistical learning

Pragati Rao Mandikal Vasuki, Mridula Sharma, Katherine Demuth, Joanne Arciuli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

It has been hypothesized that musical expertise is associated with enhanced auditory processing and cognitive abilities. Recent research has examined the relationship between musicians' advantage and implicit statistical learning skills. In the present study, we assessed a variety of auditory processing skills, cognitive processing skills, and statistical learning (auditory and visual forms) in age-matched musicians (N = 17) and non-musicians (N = 18). Musicians had significantly better performance than non-musicians on frequency discrimination, and backward digit span. A key finding was that musicians had better auditory, but not visual, statistical learning than non-musicians. Performance on the statistical learning tasks was not correlated with performance on auditory and cognitive measures. Musicians’ superior performance on auditory (but not visual) statistical learning suggests that musical expertise is associated with an enhanced ability to detect statistical regularities in auditory stimuli.

LanguageEnglish
Pages112-123
Number of pages12
JournalHearing Research
Volume342
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

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Aptitude
Learning
Research

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Auditory processing
  • Digit span
  • Musicians
  • Statistical learning

Cite this

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abstract = "It has been hypothesized that musical expertise is associated with enhanced auditory processing and cognitive abilities. Recent research has examined the relationship between musicians' advantage and implicit statistical learning skills. In the present study, we assessed a variety of auditory processing skills, cognitive processing skills, and statistical learning (auditory and visual forms) in age-matched musicians (N = 17) and non-musicians (N = 18). Musicians had significantly better performance than non-musicians on frequency discrimination, and backward digit span. A key finding was that musicians had better auditory, but not visual, statistical learning than non-musicians. Performance on the statistical learning tasks was not correlated with performance on auditory and cognitive measures. Musicians’ superior performance on auditory (but not visual) statistical learning suggests that musical expertise is associated with an enhanced ability to detect statistical regularities in auditory stimuli.",
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Musicians' edge : A comparison of auditory processing, cognitive abilities and statistical learning. / Mandikal Vasuki, Pragati Rao; Sharma, Mridula; Demuth, Katherine; Arciuli, Joanne.

In: Hearing Research, Vol. 342, 01.12.2016, p. 112-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Musicians' edge

T2 - Hearing Research

AU - Mandikal Vasuki, Pragati Rao

AU - Sharma, Mridula

AU - Demuth, Katherine

AU - Arciuli, Joanne

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